From USAJOBS Help
Federal agencies may only employ United States citizens and nationals (residents of American Samoa and Swains Island) in the competitive service. However, Federal agencies may request OPM approval to appoint a non-citizen, if no qualified U.S. citizens are available.
An agency may hire a qualified non-citizen into the
Excepted Service https://help.usajobs.gov/index.php/Excepted_Service or Senior Executive Service https://help.usajobs.gov/index.php/Senior_Executives, if it is permitted to do so by the annual Appropriations Act and the immigration law and the agencyâ€™s specific laws and internal policies.
For additional information on Appropriations Act restrictions and immigration law as it pertains to Federal employment, visit: https://help.usajobs.gov/index.php/Employment_of_Non-citizens.
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