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New to the Federal Government – U.S. Citizens and Non-Citizens

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U.S. Citizens When a job opportunity announcement is open to β€œall U.S. citizens,” it means anyone with U.S. citizenship may apply. Job seekers can use the Self-Check through E-Verify to verify citizenship, if available in their state of residence.

An agency may hire a qualified U.S. citizen into the Competitive Service, Excepted Service, or Senior Executive Service, if it is permitted to do so by the annual appropriations act and the immigration law and the agency’s specific laws and internal policies. The Federal services are described below.

Competitive Service βˆ’ The competitive service includes all civilian positions in the Federal Government that are not specifically excepted from the civil service laws by or pursuant to statute, by the President, or by the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) under Rule VI (5 Code of Federal Regulations Part 6), and that are not in the Senior Executive Service.

Excepted Service βˆ’ Excepted service positions are any federal or civil service positions, which are not in the competitive service or the Senior Executive Service.

Senior Executive Service βˆ’ The Senior Executive Service (SES) is the corps of executives, selected for their leadership qualifications, and charged with leading the continuing transformation of government. These leaders possess well-honed executive skills and share a broad perspective of government and a public service commitment which is grounded in the Constitution.

For more information on the federal services, click Determining the Right Career Path for You

Non-U.S. Citizens

Federal agencies may only employ United States citizens and nationals (residents of American Samoa and Swains Island) in the competitive service; however, with Office of Personnel Management (OPM) approval, agencies are permitted to hire non-citizens when there are no qualified citizens available.

In addition, an agency may hire a qualified non-citizen into the excepted service or Senior Executive Service, if it is permitted to do so by the annual appropriations act and the immigration law and the agency’s specific laws and internal policies. Non-citizens hired into an excepted service appointment do not acquire competitive civil service status. Non-citizens may not be promoted or reassigned to another position in the competitive service, except in situations where a qualified citizen is not available.

For additional information on Appropriations Act restrictions and immigration law as it pertains to Federal employment, click Employment of Non-citizens.

This page was last modified on 14 November 2013, at 16:22.

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